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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 22-29

Prevalence of personality disorders symptoms among male high school students in Isfahan, Iran


Department of Psychology, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Asghar Aghaei
Department of Psychology, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Introduction: This research was conducted to examine the prevalence and variety of different personality disorders (paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal, antisocial, borderline, histrionic, narcissistic, avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive) among high school boys in Isfahan (Iran). Materials and Methods: Total 375 subjects were randomly selected from 46,340 high school boy students as the sample group. Multi-stage sampling was used. Individual − family characteristics' questionnaire and structured interview on the basis of the checklist of personality disorder symptoms as mentioned in DSM-IV were administered to them. The face validity of the checklist was verified. Concurrent validity was also assigned by examining the correlation patterns between the checklist and MCMI-II; correlation coefficient was equal to 0.3 to 0.6 for 10 personality disorders. The reliability of the checklist, which was determined by using the test-retest method with an interval of four weeks, was 0.63 to 0.8. The primary 10 questions concern the prevalence of personality disorders such as paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal, antisocial, borderline, histrionic, narcissistic, avoidant, dependent and obsessive-compulsive among high school boy students in Isfahan. Result: Data analysis revealed the following results: paranoid, 5.9 percent; schizoid, 6.7 percent; schizotypal, 1.3 percent; antisocial, 6.9 percent; borderline, 8 percent; histrionic, 6.4 percent; narcissistic, 6.1 percent; dependent, 4 percent and obsessive-compulsive, 9.9 percent. Discussion and Conclusions: It is suggested that according to the self-reporting done by the students concerning the existence of personality disorder symptoms presented in DSM-IV, families and school consultants should be trained so that they can identify and evaluate the personality disorder symptoms. It is also suggested that a longitudinal study must be conducted to determine the stability and reliability of the symptoms.


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