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  Citation statistics : Table of Contents
   2015| April-June  | Volume 2 | Issue 2  
    Online since November 30, 2015

 
 
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Determinants of adolescent stress: A narrative review
Kallol Roy, Veena Ganesh Kamath, Asha Kamath
April-June 2015, 2(2):48-56
DOI:10.4103/2395-2555.170719  
Aim: Stress has become an inevitable part of our daily life. Adolescence can be considered one such stage in our life where we experience various stressors. Globally, studies have reported the adolescent stress levels range from 20% to 45%. The objective of this literature review was to identify the common determinants of stress and coping strategies among mid aged adolescents by reviewing observational studies published between the years 2003 and 2013. Methodology: Academic databases including PubMed, PsychInfo, EMBASE, Biomedcentral, and Science Direct were included for the search. STROBE checklist was used to assess the quality of the studies and data extraction. Result: A total of 12 studies were selected for the review for the study design; sample and population; settings; tools used; objectives and the results of the study. Based on our review, it could be reported that adolescents were more concerned about the socioeconomic status of parents, financial conditions, and academic life. The most common coping strategies used by adolescent boys are distraction and relaxation. Contrasting these features, the girls use more avoidance coping, more willing to seek support, resolving conflicts, and the always openly express their emotions. With comparison to boys, girls are kept under a strict supervision and given much less freedom which makes them prone to be more stressed. Conclusion: Focus should be directed to the mental health issues faced by adolescents. Studies addressing the prevalence of stress and interventions to counter the same must be conducted. Both adolescent boys and girls seem to be affected by stress in some way or the other. Supportive care from parents, teachers and health professionals is the need of the hour.
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REVIEW ARTICLES
Rethinking the place of socioeconomic status identity in students' academic achievement
Chetan Sinha, Arvind Kumar Mishra
April-June 2015, 2(2):36-42
DOI:10.4103/2395-2555.170724  
The present review attempts to understand the role of social class disparities in academic achievement domain. The issue of socioeconomic status (SES) and academic achievement gap has been observed from different perspectives. In explaining the phenomena of the academic achievement gap, literature from the observers' viewpoint, indicated toward SES and the individual level factors such as home resource and ability. This undermined actor' perspectives and experiences influenced by macro-level facets eventually shape the subjective belief system of the individual. Thus, the present review concludes that, (a) SES as social structure and individual as agency are not separate, but mutually constituted aspects of society and (b) this aspects of society forming one's identity which operates situationally in a domain of ability and achievement, framed in the comparative context of dominant identity binaries.
  1 2,313 343
EDITORIAL
Positive thinking advocate
Alireza Memarian, Faraz Ghoorchian
April-June 2015, 2(2):29-30
DOI:10.4103/2395-2555.170722  
  - 1,976 304
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Effectiveness of quality education based on Glasser's choice theory on the student's academic self-efficacy
Habibollah Naderi, Fereshteh Baezzat, Mahshad Motaghedifard
April-June 2015, 2(2):43-47
DOI:10.4103/2395-2555.170720  
Since academic self-efficacy is a cognitive process that has a strong impact on individuals' choices, quality education should be an effective strategy to help promote students' self-efficacy. The research reported in this paper investigates the effectiveness of quality education based on Glasser's choice theory on the student' self-efficacy. The research method was quasi-experimental with pre- and post-test design with the control group. The community of statistical consists of the whole students from the third grade of the primary school of Kashan city, Iran. The children's Perceived Academic Self-Efficacy subscale from the Morgan-Jinks Student Efficacy Scale was used. The inputs were analyzed by ANCOVA test. The outcomes indicated that training of Glasser's choice theory concepts in group sessions had a significant impact on increasing the self-efficacy of students. Data indicate the majority of the students involved in this study felt more confident about their disciplinary skills, attendance improved, and they felt more confident about their ability to develop their own proactive discipline program.
  - 3,540 601
Exploring emotional wellness: The art of being cheerful about life at medical campus
Rehana Rehman, Sanober Nadeem, Mehwish Hussain, Rakhshaan Khan, Shahjahan Katpar
April-June 2015, 2(2):57-64
DOI:10.4103/2395-2555.170723  
Objective: To identify and compare the awareness of emotional wellness (EW) in Private and Public Sector Medical University (MU) students of Pakistan. Materials and Methods: Qualitative and quantitative aspects of EW were evaluated by; a structured questionnaire tailored from wellness wheel by four points Likert's scale; score ranging from 0 to 3. Comparison of scores in Private and Public MU students was done by Mann–Whitney test. Focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted with 20 students from each MU after taking the informed consent, a week after the questionnaires were administered. Results: The aggregate of EW scores was 21.36 ± 4.54 versus 20.54 ± 4.34 in Public versus Private MU students (P = 0.028). Private MU students were; significantly less cheerful and hopeful (P = 0.008), considered not always valued by their family and friends (P < 0.0001) as compared to Public MU candidates. Private students lived life autonomously and did not consider to consult or take help from parents or any other family members (P = 0.0003). They however consulted psychologist/psychiatrist more than Public MU students (P = 0.024). Both type of students nearby significantly helped people during emotional outbursts (P = 0.096). The results of FGDs highlighted the absence of formal advising, mentoring process, wellness organizations, and facilities available to cope with the emotional distress of medical students. Conclusion: Public MU students had sound emotional well-being and took help only from their family members rather than consultation with psychiatrists. The EW being an important indicator of mental health thus needs to be catered at the undergraduate level.
  - 2,930 315
REVIEW ARTICLES
A reflection on literature of children in the curriculum of elementary schools of Iran by using Eisner's expertise-critical model
Zohreh Hamzehlou
April-June 2015, 2(2):31-35
DOI:10.4103/2395-2555.170721  
The purpose of this article is to reflect on literature of children in the curriculum of elementary schools of Iran using Eisner's expertise-critical model. In this study, the evaluation of expertise-critical is talked about, and it is suggested that this evaluation be used which is in direction of applying the feature of literature of children in elementary schools. This study applies Eisner's expertise-critical method in education using a review-analysis method. The findings show that due to major damages, literature of children needs a basic review which entails applying a set of measurements. Having a bird's eye view, we have to inspect what literature of children has to put aside the damaging cases. By this, we can identify the criteria of literature of Iranian children. This way, a set of guidelines are provided which the curriculum of elementary schools need to follow. Those guidelines are to be guiding light for all of lesson plans in elementary education of children in Iran. As a result, a modern child of Iran has gotten away from his/her ancient literature and needs to make peace with it.
  - 2,468 229
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